Pulpitis Treatment

Pulpitis is a condition that occurs when the tooth suffers an inflammation, exerting pressure over the pulp chamber that affects the nerve and other connective tissues of the tooth. This often causes sensitivity to hot and cold food and in some cases very sweet foods. The main cause of pulpitis is pathogenic bacteria that secrets toxins which finds their way into the pulp through the carious cavity. The main causative agent of pulpitis is streptococcus. However other bacteria such as lactobacilli and staphylococci can also cause this disease. The first soft tissues to be affected are those that are close to the carious cavity. The bacteria will then get deeper into the pulp. 

Main causes of pulpitis

Toothache in pulpitis

Photo 1. Toothache in pulpitis

Classification of pulpitis

1. Reversible pulpitis

This is where pulpitis can be reversed if the cause of the condition is eliminated and the tooth repaired in order to stop the infection and restore the normal functioning of the tooth. In most cases, the dentist will use certain drugs that have been specially formulated to help control inflammation as well as maintain the integrity of the tooth that has been infected.

2. Irreversible pulpitis.

This is the type of pulpitis that has cause severe damage to the tooth that has been infected and cannot be reversed. As a result, the dentist will be forced to perform root canal therapy (a sequential treatment of the pulp) to help stop the infection as well as help protect the infected tooth from microbes. Root canals and their respective pulps are actually hollows within the tooth where structures such as the blood vessels, nerve tissues and another cellular entities lie. During root canal therapy, this vital structures within the root canal are usually removed in order to stop the infection.

Pulpitis

Photo 2. Pulpitis

Pulpitis treatment

The type of treatment administered usually depend on the type of pulpitis that has affected the patient. In this section, we are going to too focus on pulpitis treatment administered depending on type of pulpitis that the patient is suffering from.

1. Reversible pulpitis

Antibiotics

Photo 3. Antibiotics

Filling

Photo 4. Filling

Pulp capping

Photo 5. Pulp capping

2. Irreversible pulpitis treatment

Root canal therapy

Photo 6. Root canal therapy

Extraction tooth

Photo 7. Extraction tooth

Video: Root canal treatment

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